European bees that also go by the name of the western or common bee are named this as they produce a significant amount of honey. Experts believe that this honey bee came from Africa and then spread to China, India and northern Europe. Honey bees are not native to area known as North America but rather brought to the area by the very first colonists. Honey bees today are distributed across the globe.
European bees come in variable colors but all include a certain shade of brown or black that is intermixed with the color yellow. These bees range in size from about 3/8 to ¾ of an inch in length and the workers are the smallest while the queen is the largest. The queen bees are elongated and have straight stingers that do not feature barbs. The worker bees feature back legs that play an important role in collecting pollen. Each of these legs is flat and feature fringed long hairs that form pollen baskets. The worker bees have stingers that have barbs while the drone bees have large eyes and stout-bodies.
The nests of the wild European bees can be located in man-made structures or hollows of trees and the managed colonies are typically kept in a wooden hive. Agricultural areas, gardens, yards, open woods and the flowers that grow in meadows are visited by the worker bees.
The adult European honey bee will be based on their caste as either a drone adult, worker bee adult or the queen of the colony. Worker bees are usually only ½ an inch in length and are black and yellow in color and covered by several hairs on their legs and bodies. The main body parts consist of the abdomen, dark-colored eyes, the thorax, head, 6 legs and 4 wings.
The drones are male caste of the colony and their thorax, eyes and heads are bigger when compared to the worker bees. Other differences are that their abdomens are blunt and thick at the ends while the workers have pointed abdomens the drone’s doesn’t have stingers. The Queen bees appear as a large version of a worker bee, but have longer and more rounded abdomens. The queens do have stingers that they rarely use.
Habit, Diet And Behavior
The European honey bee develops through a 4 stage process involving complete metamorphosis. This includes the: the egg, the larvae, the pupae and the adult. These honey bees exhibit sharing and organization of resources and work. This includes that the drones only plays the role of mating with any unmated queens from other colonies. The queens are the only bees to lay the eggs in a colony and she will produce around 1,500 eggs each day. The worker bees perform the function of all the work within the colony. This includes collecting nectar, producing honey, maintenance of the colony and defense. Each of the worker bees are allocated with a specific task based on how old they are.